レベルチェック
電話で英会話
社会人英会話
児童英会話
家庭教師
喫茶店で英会話
出張英会話
Howdy !
Site Search

 

 

 
1. Cryosurgery. 凍結手術(冷凍療法とも呼ばれるDuring this type of surgery, your doctor uses very cold material, such as liquid nitrogen spray or a cold probe, to freeze and destroy cancer cells or cells that may become cancerous, such as irregular cells in a woman's cervix that could become cervical cancer.

2.
Electrosurgery.
電気手術
By applying high-frequency electrical currents, your doctor can kill cancer cells, for example, in your mouth or on your skin.

3.
Laser surgery. 
レーザー手術
Laser surgery, used to treat many types of cancer, uses beams of high-intensity light to shrink or vaporize cancer cells. In some cases, the heat of the laser accomplishes this. In other cases, the laser is used to activate a previously administered chemical that cancer cells absorb. When stimulated by light, the chemical kills the cancer cells.

4.
Mohs' surgery.
Moh's手術
Useful for removing cancer from sensitive areas of the skin, such as near the eye, and for assessing how deep a cancer goes, this method of surgery involves carefully removing cancer layer by layer with a scalpel. After removing a layer, your doctor evaluates it under a microscope, continuing in this manner until all the abnormal cells have been removed and the surrounding tissue shows no evidence of cancer.

5.
Laparoscopic surgery.
腹腔鏡手術
(
腹腔鏡下手術とは、開腹せずに腹腔鏡で腹腔内の様子をビデオスクリーンに写しだし、この画面を見ながら特殊な器具を使って手術を行う方法です。)A surgeon uses a laparoscope to see inside your body without making large incisions. Instead, several small incisions are made and a tiny camera and surgical tools are inserted into your body. The surgeon watches a monitor that projects what the camera sees inside your body. The smaller incisions mean faster recovery and a reduced risk of complications. Laparoscopic surgery is used in cancer diagnosis, staging, treatment and symptom relief.

6.
Image-guided surgery.
MRI 誘導手術
In some instances, surgeons can rely on real-time images of your body to guide them when operating. For instance, rather than opening your skull to physically see inside your brain, a surgeon may use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to visualize the brain and allow for a much smaller opening to carry out the operation. MRI images allow the surgeon to be very precise, removing the tumor while minimizing damage to surrounding tissues. Many other cancers can be treated using image-guided surgery. Other imaging techniques are used as well, including computerized tomography (CT) and ultrasound.

7.
Robotic surgery.
ロボット支援手術
In robotic surgery, the surgeon sits away from the operating table and watches a screen that projects a 3-D image of the area being operated on. The surgeon uses hand controls that tell a robot how to maneuver surgical tools to perform the operation. Robotic surgery helps the surgeon operate in hard-to-reach areas. But robotic surgical systems are expensive and require specialized training, so robotic surgery is available only in specialized medical centers.

戻る